How are satellites launched in space ?
Credit: NASA – Ariane 5 Rocket
Satellites are launched into space using rockets. This is how a typical Ariane V rocket launch works carrying a satellite.
Firstly, the Rocket fires its main engine and its booster rocket engines to take off from the ground. This stage takes a lot of energy for the rocket to escape Earth’s gravity. After the booster rockets finish burning, they fall away to reduce load of the rocket.
Next, the nose cone, at the very top of the rocket, covering the satellite falls off in two halves and following that the main engine stops firing and falls into the ocean.
Finally, the final engine part burns and the satellite is released to fly in its designated orbit and the satellite stretch out its solar panels to generate power as they fly in orbit.
Credit: NASA – Rocket Parts
Did you know ?
The launch rocket is initially placed vertically to allow the rocket to penetrate the densest layer of the Earth’s atmosphere quickly, with less fuel consumption.
Once the rocket is launched, the rocket tilts itself in the direction specified by its flight plan, such as to the east since the Earth rotates in this direction, which gives the rocket an extra boost.